on Santana 22 Mast Losses
(originally published in Soda Waters, October, 1994)
It seems that nearly everyone in the Sanata 22 class took my advice
on how to avoid mast losses. i know because over the last few years
I have hardly built any Santana rigs!
I have a fair bit of experience with Santana 22s. Since 1974, I
have built over 80 Santana 22 masts! I have specialized in them
for 20 years now, and have built more masts and booms, and have
more Santana parts available than the factory or anyone else.
The advice I gave in 1974 on what to do to avoid losing a Santana
mast is still valid today. Here's a summary:
The holes for the turnbuckle pins in the standard aluminum chainplates
tend to elongate and corrode over the years. The best thing to do
is to saw the chainplate off at the bottom of the original holes
and drill new holes with approximately 1/2" of metal above
the new holes (make sure that the lower turnbuckle jaw has enough
room to move freely). Also, switching to heavier turnbuckles with
5/16" pins instead of the original 1/4" pins helps the
All Santana 22 standing rigging is made out of 5/32" wire.
This wire size is adequate on the headstay, backstay and upper stays.
It is not adequate on the lower stay. The single lower stay is quite
heavily loaded because the chainplates are so close to the mast
on the cabin top, so the lead angle is quite narrow. Also, the lower
stay supports the spreader. Because of these two factors the lower
stay is considerably more loaded than any of the other stays on
the boat, and needs to be upgraded to 3/16 wire.
All turnbuckles on Santana 22s should be upgraded from the standard
1/4" threaded shanks and pins to 5/16" threaded shanks
and pins or turnbuckles strong enough for 3/16" wire (even
on the 5/32" wire).
Standing Rigging Replacement
As Santana 22s age it is very important (even with the rigging upgrades
mentioned) to replace the standing rigging on a regular basis. I
strongly recommend that the stays be replaced after six or seven
racing seasons (or eight to ten years) to avoid stay failure (and
Boat insurance is about the only bargain left in insurance these
days. To fully insure a Santana for $5000 costs about $170 a year.
It is very important to have insurance because a mast replacement
or minor fiberglass damage due to a collision can easily run $3000
If all of the preceeding advice is followed, I'm sure that mast
failures will be kept to a minimum, and that if a mishap does occur,
you'll be able to get it fixed. If you have any questions, please
give me a call at 510-521-7730.